The Corona Challenge

Sport psychologist Gareth J. Mole provides some free advice on how to manage The Corona Challenge. During the 20 minute audio below he discusses concepts like creativity and not letting cancelled events impact on your motivation. This audio recording was put together to help anyone and everyone not just the current Condor Performance clients. Please share it with your contacts and feel free to add comments and ask questions below.

Transcript

Good day. My name is Gareth. I’m one of the sport psychologists from Condor Performance.

I decided that, today, I wanted to put together this relatively detailed audio recording after having had quite an unusual last 10 days whereby most of the conversations that I have had with my own sporting clients and most of the one-on-one peer supervision that I’ve had with my colleagues at Condor Performance, we’re now nine sport psychologists and performance psychologists, have centered around how to manage the coronavirus.

A lot of the conversations were generating similar kinds of suggestions on how to get through this difficult time, so I felt like it would be useful for me to put some of these ideas into this audio recording so that anybody and everybody could benefit from some of those suggestions, bearing in mind that, obviously, my colleagues and I at Condor Performance are genuine experts in helping people get through difficult situations.

The first thing is very specific to the sporting industry. One of the biggest disruptions is the fact that many sporting contests are being canceled left, right, and center. One of the bits of advice that I would strongly recommend that you do is to mentally separate your preparation from your competitions. By that I mean if one of the only reasons why you get out of bed in the morning to go training is in preparation for a particular competition, then maybe this is a fantastic opportunity for you to explore other motives for trying to improve yourself.

What I mean by that is if you take away the competition and all the motivation to improve goes with it, then you would potentially benefit from thinking about some of the other reasons why you would potentially want to continue your training despite the fact that there may not necessarily be any competitive situations coming up. These can include things like the pure feeling of satisfaction on improving one aspect of your sport. It could be that you are working hard to get a personal best in the swimming pool or on the track. This satisfaction can exist in the absence of competitions. You don’t necessarily need a competition on the horizon in order for that personal best to be an incredibly satisfying confidence booster. I would highly recommend that you separate your competitions from your practice. It’s something that we do routinely at Condor Performance with our clients.

Also, don’t forget that, although many sporting competitions from around the world are being canceled, there is the possibility that this health crisis will end as quickly as it started. What I mean by that is that, although it’s very probable that sporting contests over the next month or two may not go ahead, there is a reasonable possibility that many of them will be reinstated in June, July, August, September of 2020 and even, depending on the sport and the practicality of it, many of the competitions that got canceled during the March-April period may actually be rescheduled. You may actually get a increase in the number of competitions that you experience later on during the year.

Certainly, the sporting clients that work with one of the Condor Performance psychologists would be working hard to make sure that, if that happens, that there is not a overwhelming amount of training that needs to be squeezed into a short period of time because the training regime stopped at the same time that the competitions were canceled. That’s the first thing to mention.

The second thing I want to just briefly talk about is the concept of creativity. Creativity is a seriously under-utilized part of the mental side of sport and performance. There is no better time that I can think of whereby a little bit of creativity will go a very long way. What I mean by creativity is that, often in very highly predictable situations whereby everything’s the same month after month, year after year, it’s very easy for us to get into the mindset where we assume that everything has to be done a certain way. That is the enemy of creativity in many ways.

This current pandemic is giving us a really good opportunity for us to be forced to think outside of the box. I’m going to give you a couple of examples. Obviously, one of the bits of advice is for us to spend less time close to other people. A common environment that springs to mind that’s highly applicable for athletes and coaches would be a gym. It might be that your gym is closed or that you simply decide there’s too many people in your gym.

Now, if you think about it, the main purpose of going to a gym is to basically work on your physical capabilities as we call it. Those of you who are familiar with the analogy of the athlete being like an airplane central to the METUF model will know that physical capabilities are one of four engines on the airplane whereby the main body of the aircraft is your health and wellbeing. Physical capabilities includes things like improving muscle strength, cardio fitness, flexibility, speed, and balance.

I ask you this question. How many of those could you work on if you were restricted to only being in your home or your house for the next month or so? Take away the equipment from the gym. Let’s imagine that it’s closed, but give you the task of continuing to work on your cardio fitness but without access to treadmills, to work on your upper body strength but without access to dumbbells or bench presses, or to work on your flexibility.

Hopefully, what you will find is that, without too much difficulty, you will start to think of some fairly simple ways in which you can actually go about doing those same exercises or doing that same training at home. Of course, your body doesn’t really care how those exercises are being done. It just wants them to be done. Creativity is really central. I know that Gene Moyle up in Queensland, a really well-regarded sport and performance psychologist who works a lot in the performing arts, is a huge advocate of creativity. I totally agree with her, and I think this is a fantastic opportunity for us to all be a little bit more creative.

The next thing to mention is the impact on mental health. At Condor Performance, we assist our clients with both sporting or performance, mental toughness, and mental health. We regard them as being related but different from one another. Mental health is really about your day-to-day functioning as a person. Sporting or performance, mental toughness, is really about a set of skills, mental skills that you could apply in your sporting situations in order to improve your performance. For example, things such as concentration or how you manage your emotions.

The final thing I’d like to just mention is the fact that, during difficult times, obviously, we have to be particularly aware to ensure that our mental health is taken care of. That is easier said than done, of course. The first thing that you would want to make sure that you do, from a mental health perspective, is to ensure that, if you’re really struggling, particularly with some of the challenges related to the coronavirus, that you don’t suffer in silence. That’s the first biggie.

Telling anybody is always going to be much better for you than suffering in silence. Of course, that person doesn’t necessarily have to be a trained professional. However, if you are seeking advice, if you are looking to get an expert or a qualified mental health practitioner on board to assist you, then of course you’d want to make sure that that person has the proper credentials. Obviously, having a conversation with your grandmother, who’s not going to charge you for that advice, is certainly a pretty reasonable starting point.

The next thing to do, and in many ways, this is linked with my previous suggestion about creativity, mental health, like physical health, is going to be positively and negatively impacted by a lot of your decisions. One thing that I’ve been discussing with some of my clients is the fact that, in many ways, we could use the concept of us being housebound for the next few weeks or few months as a really good opportunity to maybe improve our mental health. Not only are we safeguarding our mental health because of these difficult situations, we are actually taking one step further and using a little bit of creativity to boost it so that it’s even better than it was had this coronavirus not taken hold in the first place.

Often, mental health gets confused a little bit. It’s a little bit intangible, and that can make it hard to improve. Really, if you think about it, there’s just some really common basic drivers that can really help with mental health. Some of these may well be easier for you to do if you’re housebound for four weeks compared with if you were going about your normal activities. I’ll just go through these very briefly.

One of them is sleep. A lack of sleep or poor quality sleep is incredibly damaging to mental health. One thing you could do is you could really prioritize your sleep. There are a few little tricks, going to bed at the same time. Trying to get up at the same time really helps. We use a term at Condor Performance called sleep hygiene. Sleep hygiene is simply the idea that you do a whole bunch of things that will assist you in getting a good night’s sleep.

Some of the most obvious ones, which I’ll just read here from my printout from the Center for Clinical Interventions, so basically you can avoid caffeine and nicotine, if possible. Try to avoid alcohol. They recommend it is always best to avoid alcohol for at least four to six hours before going to bed. Bed is for sleeping. Try not to use your bed for anything other than sleeping and sex so that your body comes used to associating bed with sleep. Avoid naps during the day so you’re more tired at night. No clock watching. Many people who struggle to sleep tend to watch the clock too much frequently. Checking the clock during the night can wake you up. Eat right. I’ll talk about that in a second. As I mentioned, going to bed and getting up at the same time.

If you wanted more information on sleep, you can jump on to the Center for Clinical Intervention’s website, which is cci.health.wa.gov.au. They have a really good one-page PDF on sleep hygiene, which would be a really good thing for you to go through during the time where you may be restricted to your own home. Sleep is one.

Also, as was suggested there, eating. Maybe one of the reasons we don’t eat as well as we would like to is because we’re always rushing around between training and work or school. Therefore, one of the reasons might be that we simply don’t have the time to eat properly. If you’re spending the next four weeks or so at home, then hopefully you’ll have plenty of time to really think about what you are eating.

Of course, in certain places, I’m aware that access to food is limited, but to my understanding, no one so far has starved to death as a result of the coronavirus. My general understanding, although certain foods are unavailable, there is still plenty to go around and, again, a fantastic opportunity for you to ask the difficult but important question, “Am I eating the right things? Am I fueling my body?”

Of course, the most effective way for you to fight any virus is for you to ensure that your body is as healthy as possible. There’s really no more effective way of making sure that your body is as healthy as possible than eating and drinking the right kinds of things. That’s another aspect of mental health.

Another really important part of mental health is relationships. Again, using a little bit of creativity, relationships could be something that you really try and improve over the next few weeks. I can hear some of you thinking, “Well, that’s not so easy because I’ve been told to socially isolate myself from friends and loved ones.” Of course, once again, that’s a lack of creativity. Due to the wonders of modern technology, you don’t need to be in the same room as someone in order to have a conversation with them.

When I say that being housebound and having more time on your hands than you were expecting is a great opportunity to improve relationships, I’m talking about potentially reaching out to friends that we might have lost touch with and setting up a couple of conversations with them via things such as Skype. FaceTime video is amazing. A service that we at Condor Performance are using more and more and more is Zoom, Z-O-O-M, which is a really, really amazing webcam sharing or video conferencing system that allows for a whole bunch of fantastic features from screen sharing and so on and so forth. Why not contact that cousin that you lost touch with back in the late ’90s and see if they want to have a little bit of a chat with you via Zoom?

Those are some of the simple ideas, some of the ideas that we’ve been discussing with our clients that, obviously, are applicable to everybody.

Let me just finish with a little bit of a plug. As some of you know but many of you don’t know, the team of sport and performance psychologists who work for Condor Performance do the overwhelming majority of their sessions via webcam. Therefore, in many ways, we are ideally suited, both from a qualifications point of view and a technology point of view, to assist you through this difficult period if you feel like doing it alone is a bit overwhelming.

If you would like information about our services, then the best thing for you to do is to shoot an email to info@condorperformance.com. One of our team will get back to you, normally within 48 hours. Make sure you mentioned the country in which you’re located so they can send you information in the currency from the country you’re from. Any general information, as well, can be included in that email. Of course, it’ll be kept entirely confidential.

With that, thank you for taking the time to listen to this. I wish you all the very best of luck in the coming weeks and months. Hopefully, some of these ideas will help you to get through this very challenging and difficult time. Cheers.

Team Unity and How To Improve It

Team unity, also known as culture, is the glue that sticks together the members of sporting teams so that they work together and not against each other.

Does your team work together or are you just a group of individuals?

Team unity is also known by other names such as culture, team cohesion and team chemistry. All of these labels describes the factors that can result in some sporting teams being completely unified. Whilst others can resemble the boys from the famous novel The Lord of the Flies.

Team Unity is possibly the most intriguing aspect of sporting mental toughness. It is without a doubt the area that athletes expect to be good without having to do any work. All athletes understand that to improve muscle strength they’ll need to do some work. Most athletes understand that to improve managing emotions they’ll need to do some work. But most athletes expect their teammates to respect them just by existing.

In other words, the culture of most sporting teams, even the professional ones, is typically not that flash. The second factor is that regardless of the current state of your team’s culture it can be improved. That’s right, if it’s currently poor it can be bettered and if it’s already excellent it can still be improved further.

When Team Unity Falls Apart

Between 2005 and 2015 Kevin Pietersen was the top run scorer for the English men’s nation cricket team. However he was regarded by many of his teammates as a prickly character. They tried to address this but couldn’t. Many sporting teams would simply have accepted this. However, unity was considered so important by The ECB they eventually stopped selecting their top batsman. Kevin Pietersen’s book with the same name is a must read for anyone looking to learn more about the team aspects of elite sport.

Between 2005 and 2015 Kevin Pietersen was the top run scorer for the English men’s nation cricket team. However he was regarded by many of his teammates as a prickly character. They tried to address this but couldn’t.

Many sporting teams would simply have accepted this. However, unity was considered so important by The ECB they eventually stopped selecting their top batsman. Kevin Pietersen’s book with the same name is a must read for anyone looking to learn more about the team aspects of elite sport.

How Is Team Unity Best Improved In Sporting Teams?

The best way but also the most costly is to engage the services of a qualified sport or performance psychologist. I can’t speak for all sport psychologists but at Condor Performance the way we go about this is reasonably simple.

We work mainly with the coaches so that we make ourselves redundant.

One of the main jobs of the coach of a sporting team is to unify the team and them keep them unified. The problem is most of them attempt to do this delicate work under-equipped. This results in millions of well-intended coaches around the world doing an average job of this key component of performance.

So we work with the coaches, ideally one-on-one and put what we call The 10 R’s under the microscope. The 10 R’s refers to five pairs of words that each start with the letter R. They provide a great starting point for discussions on how to improve the unity of any given team.

Roles and Rules

It is virtually impossible for a team to be unified without clear rules and roles. If the individual members are not clear about their roles this will cause frustration and infighting. The ‘blame-game’ is rife in sporting teams with poor role clarification.

The same applies for rules. What is and is not acceptable should form a key part of pre-season for all competitive sporting teams. The most effective rules are confirmed in consultation with all the members of the team. Then they are written down. Then all parties sign ‘on the dotted lin’ to agree to abide by them.

Relationships and Respect

It is important to mention that the members of a team don’t actually need to be the best of friends. In fact, they don’t even really have to like one another. But they do need to respect one another. Mutual respect tends to result from teams whereby cliques are not allowed to form. In other words, there is some kind of relationship between all members of the team. 

Reassurance and Reasons

More for the coaches but important nonetheless is giving frequent reassurance and reasons to the playing group. Humans are not mind-readers. Athletes are humans too. Some love getting reassurance they they are on track. Others need this reassurance. This is where the magic of the ‘why’ come in. Letting players know why they’re progressing or struggling is the magic dust.

Ready and Relaxed

One furphy in elite sport is that one of the best ways to boost team chemistry is to win more. This is like putting the cart before the horse. In actual fact, one of the best ways is to help them prepare very well. Performers who feel ready and relaxed tend to get along much better than their stressed counterparts.

Recognition and Rewards

In sports, the obvious wins are often too obvious. There really is no need to celebrate winning the league or going the entire season undefeated. I am a much greater believer in recognising and celebrating the less obvious wins. What about the time that your teammate smashes her PB on the Beep Test. Or when all of you are able to attend training without anyone having an injury concern. Teams with a strong culture recognise these smaller milestones.

At Condor Performance we practice what we preach. Due to the monthly approach that we use in our consulting we all accrue months. Each time a client pays for another month we add one month to our records for that psychologist. We then celebrate 50, 100, 500, 1000 and 2000 months together. For example below is a short video we made when David reached 2000 months.

If your sporting team is on a tight budget and you’d like to learn more about The R’s then sign up for our online Mental Toughness training program. If, on the other hand, you have some funds to spend on performance consider contacting us at info@condorperformance.com with the details of your sporting team. One of our team will be in touch to explain who we can assist with factors such as team unity.

Mental Health Challenges for Athletes

Are athletes and coaches more or less likely to experience mental health issues compared with the general pollution? Sport psychologist Gareth J. Mole addresses this and other related questions.

Mental Health Challenges for Athletes
Mental Health Challenges for Athletes

As this previous article suggests at Condor Performance we consider Mental Health and Mental Toughness to be different concepts. Not opposites nor completely unrelated but far from one and the same.

Mental Health is ‘the condition of the mind’ as it relates to the individual and their ability to function. Genuine mental health issues will most likely have an impact across a number of aspects of the sufferer’s life.

So the severity of the mental illness is related to how they function as a person interacting with their society. If this person is an elite athlete then of course it might impact on their performances. However, it’s likely to hinder them in a number of other areas as well. By way of an example let’s consider a competitive athlete who has clinical depression. This serious mental challenge may well decrease their motivation to train in their chosen sport. But if it’s a genuine Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) then their motivation will be down across most (all) areas of their life not just their sporting commitments.

The most extreme cases result in the sufferer being institutionalised. For example, having to spend time in either a hospital or prison.

Sporting Mental Toughness, on the other hand, doesn’t work like that. It’s much more likely to be confined to performance aspects only. Let’s use the example of a team sport such as volleyball. One of the subcategories of Sporting Mental Toughness (SMT) is Unity (cohesion, group dynamics, culture). It’s very possible that the lack of team unity experienced by a volleyball team has no adverse affects away from training and games.

Mental Issues Common In Sport

If you’re looking for some cold, hard facts about mental health issues common in sport I have added a couple of articles to the bottom of this article. But this is how I see it. Athletes are human too so as humans they are susceptible to all the normal psychological risks of the general population. However, the world in which they find themselves might increase the chances of facing certain mental issues.

One great example is stress. Eloquently described in the below TEDx video by volleyballer Victoria Garrick. High performance circles are breeding grounds for stress. This is especially true for those involved in low or non-paying sports. The demands of training and competing on top of a job and/or study can be really stressful.

A recent Ted Talk about The Mental Health Challenges faced by Athletes.

There are some excellent questions being debated at the moment around all of this. One is ‘surely everyone would want to be mentally tougher not just performers?’ Not really. First, building genuine mental toughness is very hard. So, although everyone can attempt to it’s probably not worth it if you’re not likely to encounter ‘extreme mental challenges’.

An Analogy

Think of it as being similar to physical health and physical strength. Everyone could try and work towards being able to lift 150 kgs but how useful is it for most of us? Where is the ‘return on investment’? Maybe using the equivalent training time to practice mindfulness would be more sensible. But if you are a weight lifter, rugby player, bodyguard or defensive tackle – for example – then developing the muscle strength to be able to bench press that amount of weight clearly has a pay off in their performance areas. If you’re a librarian on the other hand, not so much. No disrespect to librarians intended. I am sure many librarians are elite performers in their field. But upper body strength is not that beneficial in pursuing librarian excellence.

Developing Mental Toughness works the same. Although everybody would probably be happy to process extraordinarily levels of focus (for example) is it worth investing the time required to get there if you’re never really going to need it?

Some recent publications have asked the question ‘Are Mental Toughness and Mental Health Contradictory Concepts in Elite Sport?’. In other words, do increasing levels of mental toughness have a negative impact on mental health? My contribution to this discussion would be as followers.

No, unless the individual is mentally ill and chooses to only improve their mental toughness. This is like the weightlifter ignoring their broken wrist and continuing to benchpress anyway.

What Does The Data Tell Us?

Are athletes and coaches more or less likely to experience mental issues compared with the general pollution? Luckily, work has been done to answer this question. As mentioned in this excellent article by Joshua Sebbens, Peter Hassmén, Dimity Crisp and Kate Wensley “A study of elite athletes in Australia reported almost half were experiencing symptoms of a mental health problem, and the proportion meeting caseness cutoffs for mental illness were deemed comparable to community data (Gulliver et al., 2015). More broadly, Rice et al. (2016) conducted a systematic narrative review and also suggested the prevalence of mental illness in elite athletes was comparable to the general population”.

I believe this article confirms the values that my colleagues and I at Condor Performance have on this topic on the right ones. In summary;

  • Mental Health and Mental Toughness are not the same nor is one a “part” of the other.
  • Mental Health and Mental Toughness are not opposites whereby when one improves the other goes down and vice versa.
  • Keeping an eye on mental health needs to be part of all sporting programs.
  • Improving mental health has a direct benefit to performance.
  • Free mental health advice should come from anyone. Paid mental health advice should only come from those with recognised qualifications.

It’s Not Just About Problems

The Positive Psychology movement exists because many psychologists wanted to do more than just fix mental issues. Traditional psychotherapy tends to be to get people back to ‘just functioning enough’ and that’s it. It’s like leaving someone mid way through their journey.

Sport psychology and her focus mental toughness were, in many ways, the original positive psychologies.

Additional Reading Related To Mental Health Challenges for Athletes

Sport Psychology – A Brief History

Sport Psychologist Gareth J. Mole looks at the history of sport psychology and points out a few missed opportunities from the 100 year story so far.

Coleman Griffith

It was Coleman Griffith (right) who really put sport psychology on the map. His two classic publications in the 1920s are ‘must reads’ for anyone interested in History of Sport Psychology.

I like my history, I always have. One of the most interesting modules that I did during my psychology undergraduate degree at The University of Leeds in the late 90s was ‘The History of Psychotherapy’. From memory this course didn’t look back at different types of psychology. Instead it just covered general trends from the past. This led me to do my own research into the history of sport psychology as we know it today.

The Pioneers of Sport Psychology

The real origins of sport psychology had very little to do with traditional psychotherapy. In the early days, sport psychology was almost entirely about performance enhancement and building on existing strengths.

The real start of sport psychology as a specialisation was almost exactly 100 years ago. In 1921 baseballer Babe Ruth was tested at Columbia University in order to try and find out what made him so good. Many of the findings proved that his excellent boiled down to mental superiorities more than technical or physical ones. Sport psychology as a field, a specialty was born, when the below article was published.

A few years later, psychologist Walter Miles conducted a number of studies that focused on how to optimise the performance of American footballer during training.

The Psychology of Coaching

In 1928 the Psychology of Athletics was published and two years later Griffith wrote The Psychology of Coaching. For good reason he’s regarded as the father of modern sport psychology. I actually own a first edition of the ‘Psychology of Coaching: a Study of Coaching Methods From the Point of Psychology’. I stumbled across a copy in an antique store about 20 years ago. This book is one of the reasons why I am so passionate about working one on one with sporting coaches.

There is still a lot of hesitation amongst sporting coaches about working directly with a psychologist. Yet those who ‘give it a crack’ tend to be richly rewarded. If you are a sporting coach a good way to ‘dip your toes in the water’ is by completing our MTQ-C online.

‘Exercise’ Psychology Wants In

It should be noted that a close look at the History of Sport Psychology shows very little interest in exercise psychology.

Pioneers of sport psychology were mainly focused on performance. From their point of view, their population of interest was already very physically active. Any ‘advice’ pertaining to physical training should come from experts in fields such as exercise physiology.

All this changed between 1930 and 1960 when exercise and physical activity were formally added to the definition of sport psychology. Hence the more common modern description of ‘sport and exercise psychology’.

With the benefit of hindsight, I believe that this was the first collective error of the profession. I will explain by way of some examples.

Exercise psychology is essentially (should be) a branch of health psychology. It’s all about using psychological methods to increase physical activity. The typical client of an exercise psychologist might be a sedentary adult. Someone who has failed to become active after seeing an exercise physiologist.

Sport psychology has absolutely nothing to do with this kind of mental challenge. Our clients are already physical very active, they are anything but sedentary.

The Importance of The Right Labels

For a long time I have argued that the ideal label of the profession is performance psychology. Sport psychology would then become a subdiscipline of performance psychology. This is to recognise the fact that “performance” and “performing” extend well beyond elite sport.

Sport and performance psychology / psychologists are terms getting more use nowadays. But for me, this is just repeating. Sport is a type of performance so the word performance alone should be enough. That’s my opinion – what do you think?

What do you think is the best label for the profession?

More Recent History

From 1970 to the early 2000s, the professional enjoyed increasing recognition and growth across most of the developed world. In Australia, this saw an all-time high of four Masters program in ‘Sport and Exercise Psychology’. Boosted by the Sydney Olympics in 2000 Australia was a good place to study sport psychology 20 years ago.

For this very reason, I applied for a place on the Masters of Psychology (Sport and Exercise) at the University of Western Sydney intake of 2004. And I was thrilled upon being accepted despite it meaning I’d need to move halfway across the world.

Little did I know at the time that I would be joining the very last group to ever complete that particular program. The decline was about to start.

Did you know that our own Michelle Pain was one of the early pioneers of sport psychology in Australia?

The Decline

In 2020 there is now only one Sport and Exercise Psychology masters program remaining in Australia. So it begs the question what happened? More importantly what can we learn from the decline?

Like I said the first ‘dropped ball’ was spreading ourselves too thinly in trying to bring exercise and physical activity into the fold.

In 2006 Medicare introduced a two-tier system for psychologists. The policy implies that clinical psychologists were better a psychology work. The out-of-pocket costs to see a clinical psychologist became significantly less compared with all other types of psychologist.

This legislation resulted in an explosion of applicants for clinical psychology masters to the detriment of all the other programs.

The Recent Wellbeing Movement

In recent years sport psychology has started to really embrace the importance of mental health and wellbeing. I am glad about this but we need to be very, very careful.

The risk of the recent wellbeing movement is that sport psychology might lose its performance enhancement origins. These include mental skills training and coaching psychology.

In 50 years from now – if the profession still exists – what will the answers to these questions be? What do sport psychologists do? And what are sport psychologists really know for?

Will the answers be …

  • they help athletes with mental health and wellbeing challenges and the odd bit of mental skills training’ or will it be
  • they mainly help sporting and non-sporting performers to improve in their chosen sport or performance area and introduce mental health interventions for non-critical issues if and when required

Is It Possible For Us To Bounce Back?

Will we learn from our mistakes and bounce back? Can we learn from the History of Sport Psychology to improve the future of the profession? This sport psychologist thinks it’s possible. However, only with some major structural changes. And that, my friends, will be the topic of a later blog post; Sport Psychology – Looking To The Future.